Shuffle accompanies distributed data processing from the very beginning. Apache Spark is not an exception, and one of the prominent features targeted for 3.1 release is the full support for the pluggable shuffle backend. But it's not the single effort made these days by the community to handle shuffle drawbacks. And you will see it in this blog post.
If you are a newcomer in the distributed world, someone certainly told you that shuffle is bad and will slow down your processing. But what does it mean? What happens when this infamous shuffle exists in your code? In this article you should find some answers for the shuffle in Apache Spark.
I believe Kubernetes is the next big step in the framework after proposing Catalyst Optimizer, modernizing streaming processing with Structured Streaming, and introducing Adaptive Query Execution. Especially that Apache Spark 3 brings a lot of changes in this part!
GPU-awareness was one of the topics I postponed the most in my Apache Spark 3.0 exploration. But its time has come and in this blog post you will discover what changed in the version 3 of the framework regarding the GPU-based computation.
Apart from data processing-related changes, Apache Spark 3.0 also brings some changes at the UI level. The interface is supposed to be more intuitive and should help you understand processing logic better!
One of Apache Spark's components making it hard to scale is shuffle. Fortunately, the community is on a good way to overcome this limitation and the new release of the framework brings some important improvements on this field.
Containers are with us, data engineers, for several years. The concept was already introduced on YARN but the technology that really made them popular was Docker. In this post I will focus on its recommended practices to make our Apache Spark images better.
When I discovered microk8s I was delighted! An easy installation in very few steps and you can start to play with Kubernetes locally (tried on Ubuntu 16). However, running Apache Spark 2.4.4 on top of microk8s is not an easy piece of cake. In this post I will show you 4 different problems you may encounter, and propose possible solutions.
When the unit tests work on "your machine" but fail on your colleague's, you know you did something wrong. When the failures are not about test assertions but technical reasons, the "something wrong" transforms into "something strange". And it may happen with Apache Spark as well.
In one of recent Meetups I heard that one of the most difficult data engineering tasks is ensuring good data quality. I'm more than agree with that statement and that's the reason why in this post I will share one of solutions to detect data issues with PySpark (my first PySpark code !) and Python library called Cerberus.
During my exploration of Apache Spark configuration options, I found an entry called spark.scheduler.mode. After looking for its possible values, I ended up with a pretty intriguing concept called FAIR scheduling that I will detail in this post.
Compression has a lot of benefits in the data context. It reduces the size of stored data, so you will save some space and also have less data to transfer across the network in the case of a data processing pipeline. And if you use Bzip2, you can process the compressed data in parallel. In this post, I will try to explain how does it happen.
In previous posts about memory in Apache Spark, I've been exploring memory behavior of Apache Spark when the input files are much bigger than the allocated memory. After that it's a good moment to sum up that in the post dedicated to classes involved in memory using tasks.
Data-driven systems continuously change. We moved from static, batch-oriented daily processing jobs to real-time streaming-based pipelines running all the time. Nowadays, the workflows have more and more AI compontents. Apache Spark tries to stay in the movement and in the new release proposes the implementation of the barrier execution mode as a new way to schedule tasks.
With data-intensive applications as the streaming ones, bad memory management can add long pauses for GC. Luckily, we can reduce this impact by writing memory-optimized code and using the storage outside the heap called off-heap.
Even though Apache Spark provides GraphX module, it's still possible to use the framework with other graph-based engines. One of them is Neo4j. But before using its Spark connector, it's good to know some internal execution details - especially the ones related to scalability.
Unlike Hadoop Map/Reduce, Apache Spark uses the power of memory to speed-up data processing. But does it mean that we can't process datasets bigger than the memory limits ? Below small survey will try to answer to that question.
Compressed data takes less place and thus may be sent faster across the network. However these advantages transform in drawbacks in the case of parallel distributed data processing where the engine doesn't know how to split it for better parallelization. Fortunately, some of compression formats can be splitted.
Initialization is a very first step of almost all applications. Unsurprisingly it's also the case of Kubernetes that uses Init Containers to execute some setup operations before launching the pods.
Beginning with new tool and its CLI is never easy. Having a list of useful debugging commands is always helpful. And the rule is not different for Spark on Kubernetes project.