Data engineering articles

Looking for something else? Check the categories of Data engineering:

Apache Airflow Big Data algorithms Big Data problems - solutions Data engineering patterns General Big Data Graphs SQL

If not, below you can find all articles belonging to Data engineering.

Big Data patterns implemented - automated processing metadata insertion

Sometimes metadata is disregarded but very often it helps to retrieve the information easier and faster. One of such use cases are the headers of Apache Parquet where the stats about the column's content are stored. The reader can, without parsing all the lines, know whether what is he looking for is in the file or not. The metadata is also a part of one of Big Data patterns called automated processing metadata insertion.

Continue Reading →

Big Data patterns implemented - automated dataset execution

Some time ago I found a site listing Big Data patterns (link in "Read also" section). However, that site describes them from a very general point of view and it's not always obvious to figure out the what, why and how. That's why I decided to start a new series of posts where I will try to describe these patterns and give some more technical context.

Continue Reading →

Introduction to horizontal scalability

Two great features whose I experienced when I have been working with Dataflow were the serverless character and the auto-scalability. That's why when I first saw the Apache Spark on Kubernetes initiative, I was more than happy to write one day the pipelines automatically adapting to the workload. That also encouraged me to discover the horizontal scalability and this post is the first result of my recent research on that topic.

Continue Reading →

SQL GROUPING SETS operator

I have already described grouping sets feature in the context of Apache Spark. But natively they are a part of SQL standard and that's why I would like to extend the previous post here. After all, you don't need Big Data to use them - even though nowadays it's difficult to not to deal with it.

Continue Reading →

Minus/except operator in SQL

Last time we've discovered the INTERSECT operator. To recall it quickly, it returns all rows that are defined in the combined datasets. Today we'll discover another operator, doing the opposite and called depending on the vendor: MINUS or EXCEPT.

Continue Reading →

Key-value distribution patterns

Key-value stores have the advantage of being a kind of distributed and high-available memory cache. But even though they're quite easy to manipulate thanks to the key-based access, they also have some complicated tasks. One of them is the strategy of picking a good key.

Continue Reading →

Chaos in streaming graph processing

Some time ago I wrote a post about the graph data processing with streams. That article was based on X-Stream framework proposed by the searchers of EPFL research institute. At this occasion, I also mentioned the existence of newer alternative for X-Stream, adapted for distributed workloads, called Chaos. I voluntary omitted the explanation of Chaos in the previous post. Putting it aside of X-Stream would introduce too many new concepts. But now, after some weeks of graph processing discoveries, I would like to return to the successor of X-Stream and present it more in details.

Continue Reading →

SQL and intersect operation

Thanks to modern Big Data solutions like BigQuery or Apache Spark SQL, the knowledge of the advanced SQL concepts is important. After covering the operations like window functions or grouping sets, it's time to show another interesting SQL feature, the INTERSECT operator.

Continue Reading →

Graph processing frameworks survey

The series about graph processing continues. Today it's the moment to analyze some major graph processing frameworks and choose the framework that I'll present more in details in incoming posts.

Continue Reading →

Wide rows in column-oriented stores

Big Data enforces denormalized storage. Joins are costly and it's often much more efficient to store all related information in a single row. Such rows with a lot of columns are called wide rows and they'll be explained in the sections below.

Continue Reading →

Graph mining

Because of its connected nature, graph structure has its own branch in data mining. Thanks to this branch we can get insight into relationships and dependencies between vertices.

Continue Reading →

Graph partitioning

As told many times in previous posts, one of the most challenging tasks in distributed graph processing is the partitioning. Connected nature of the graph components makes the partitioning hard. Hopefully, the researchers continue to propose the solutions.

Continue Reading →

Graph storage

Until now we've discovered exclusively the concepts devoted to computing distributed graphs. But the compute part can't go without storage. And since for the latter in the context of graph we can't talk about the storage, it requires its own detailed explanation.

Continue Reading →

Graph algorithms in distributed world - part 1

During last weeks we've discovered a lot about graph data processing in distributed world. However we haven't learned yet about the problems the graphs can solve. And it's as important as the knowledge about the processing techniques. Hopefully, this post will try to catch up this late.

Continue Reading →

Graph-centric graph processing

Previously described vertex-centric model is not the single one used to process graph data. Another one uses subgraphs as the processing unit.

Continue Reading →

Streaming and graph processing

Use cases of streaming surprise me more and more. In my recent research about graph processing in Big Data era I found a paper presenting the graph framework working on vertices and edges directly from a stream. In case you've missed that paper I'll try to present this idea to you.

Continue Reading →

Vertex-centric graph processing

Graph data processing, even though seems to be less popular than streaming or files processing, is an important member of data-oriented systems. And as its "colleagues", it also has some different processing logics. The first described in this blog is called vertex-centric.

Continue Reading →

Graphs and data processing

In this blog I've covered the topics about relational databases, key-value stores, search engines or log systems. There are still some storage systems deserving some learning effort and one of them are graphs considered here in the context of data processing.

Continue Reading →

Transaction compensation - aka Sagas

Distributed computing opened a lot of possibilities and horizontal scaling is only one of them. But at the same time it brought some new problems that we need to address during applications conception. And writing a data on different data stores inside one transaction is the one of them.

Continue Reading →

Epidemic protocols

A lot of names in IT come from the real world phenomena. One of them are epidemic protocols, aka gossip protocols, covered in this post.

Continue Reading →